The Benefits of Barefoot Training

The Benefits of Barefoot Training

A few years ago, I saw a guy at my gym lifting weights in socks, without any shoes on. I was still pretty new at this fancy, elite gym and honestly, I thought he had made a mistake—like he’d forgotten his sneakers at home and decided to just workout without them. But then I started noticing guys in the gym actually taking off their sneakers to do some training and realized it must be “a thing.” Of course, it didn't stop me from giving some subtle side-eye every time I saw it.

It's almost counterintuitive. Never before have our sneakers offered such technological advancements. They're lighter, stronger and springier than ever. They can help us run faster, jump higher and crush any WOD. But the best footwear for training just might be no footwear at all. It turns out, kicking off your shoes could be the secret to getting stronger and more toned. Which is exactly why it's a thing with powerlifters. Often, our feet are the only part of our bodies touching the floor and grounding us while we work to develop our muscles in the gym.

One personal trainer told me he started researching the benefits of running barefoot almost 10 years ago when the book Born to Run came out. Now, he says he trains without shoes often, for everything from weightlifting and handstands to the jump exercises known as plyometrics. And he’s got a lot of his clients working out in their socks too.

The biggest benefit I discovered when I kicked off my sneakers was the increased proprioception of the nerves on the bottom of the foot. You see our feet have thousands of nerve endings that help us not only feel the floor beneath us but also send signals up the body to help you understand your movements better. According to Emily Splichal, D.P.M., a functional podiatrist and founder of Naboso, which makes products to promote barefoot movement, our overly cushioned footwear blocks this floor-to-foot connection which can impede our movement. 

Standing in your socks, however, provides greater balance and the ability to feel the ground in order to produce greater force. And that increased force is all but guaranteed to help you when you're doing such lifts as deadlifts and squats or working with a kettlebell, since you push through a hard surface with your heels, instead of some cushioned sole.

This makes sense. After all, our bodies are feedback loops. So when we cover our feet in cushioned shoes, we prevent a vital feedback mechanism from doing its job well. Going barefoot not only allows the feet to give our brains more feedback, but it allows the nerves and muscles within the foot to strengthen.

“Your gym shoe’s sole takes the job away from our intrinsic foot muscles,” says Dr. Grayson Wickham, founder of Movement Vault, a company that helps you increase your flexibility and mobility. “Those are the muscles that create the stability and the arch in our feet, so when our feet rely on an external support system like a shoe's sole, they get used to this, and eventually can get weak and tight.”

According to Dr. Wickham, you'll not only strengthen your feet, but you'll see better results from head to toe. Barefoot training is also an easy way to injury-proof your body. “It leads to better movement in other joints of the body such as the hips, low back and even shoulders,” he says. “The reason for this is that when one has decreased mobility in the foot, it leads to compensations in other areas of the body, such as the hips and low back and shoulders.”

Ready to kick off your trainers and start a barefoot workout? The experts all offered up one small warning: Start off slowly and ease into it. And take it from me, most of us aren't used to moving intensely barefoot. There are a lot of muscles around your foot and ankle that need to build up strength slowly as you take the crutch of the shoe away. Rushing the process can cause injuries.

“If you do start to have aches and pains in your feet or ankles, and the only thing you changed is your barefoot training, this is a sign you may have not allowed your feet and ankles enough time to get accustomed to the barefoot training,” says Dr. Wickham. “You’ll want to back off slightly as well as incorporate some foot and ankle mobility work.”

* Pedestal makes socks specifically for training, designed for durability and comfort with maximum toe splay for balance.

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